Há consenso para isenção de direitos aduaneiros nos produtos nacionais vendidos na União Europeia

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Os produtos originários de Moçambique passarão a ter acesso livre de quotas e de pagamento de direitos aduaneiros no mercado da União Europeia, segundo informou o director nacional do Comércio Externo, durante a realização de um seminário de divulgação do Acordo de Parceria Económica entre a Comunidade para o Desenvolvimento da África Austral e a União Europeia.

Seis países da Comunidade para o Desenvolvimento da África Austral (Moçambique, África do Sul, Lesotho, Botswana, Namíbia e Swazilândia) e a União Europeia assinaram, em Junho do ano passado, em Kasane, Botswana, um acordo que poderá impulsionar o crescimento económico.

“O acordo tem como objectivo a promoção do crescimento económico, através do estabelecimento de uma zona de comércio livre entre as partes, o que irá permitir que Moçambique possa aceder ao mercado europeu de forme preferencial”, disse Amílcar Arone, falando na cidade de Nampula para agentes económicos, organizações não-governamentais, estudantes e professores universitários.

Segundo apurámos, em termos de comércio de mercadorias, Moçambique e a União Europeia concordaram, no âmbito deste acordo, na remoção das taxas aduaneiras de uma ampla gama de produtos, com uma maior abertura da União Europeia a favor dos produtos do nosso país, o que irá dar aos exportadores em Moçambique a oportunidade de melhorar a sua competitividade nos mercados na União Europeia.

Segundo foi referido pela representante da União Europeia, este bloco é um parceiro comercial importante para Moçambique, sendo o seu principal parceiro de exportação e o quarto parceiro de importação, depois da China, África do Sul e Índia.

“Embora a balança comercial de Moçambique tenha sido em grande parte negativa nos últimos anos, a sua balança comercial com a União Europeia manteve-se positiva, principalmente devido à preponderância das exportações de alumínio para a União Europeia”, disse a representante da União Europeia.

Moçambique exporta para a União Europeia combustíveis e minérios (principalmente alumínio), produtos agrícolas (açúcar, tabaco, nozes, legumes) e camarão e importa da União Europeia bens manufacturados, máquinas, equipamentos de transporte e produtos químicos.

“O Acordo de Parceria Económica vai garantir um regime estável e previsível para as trocas comerciais para os próximos dez anos. O sector privado poderá investir com uma visão a longo prazo num quadro estável para o comércio”, disse a representante da União Europeia no seminário em Nampula.

Para todos os bens idos de Moçambique, excepto armamento, o Acordo de Parceria Económica garante o acesso ao mercado europeu contínuo sem taxas aduaneiras e sem limites das quantidades exportadas sem taxas.

Ao mesmo tempo, o Acordo de Parceria Económica incentiva a industrialização, pois prevê a eliminação progressiva de taxas aduaneiras em Moçambique sobre uma gama de produtos seleccionados.

A importação de bens intermediários, como fertilizantes, sementes, máquinas e peças industriais, da União Europeia serão a mais baixo custo, o que tornará mais fácil para as indústrias em Moçambique diversificarem e adicionarem valor aos seus produtos.

“Ainda mais, as regras de origem foram simplificadas, o que torna muito mais fácil, para os países da SADC, adicionarem valor com produtos de outros países e exportarem para a União Europeia ainda sob o regime preferencial, sem direitos aduaneiros e em quantidades ilimitadas”, disse a representante da União Europeia.

O Acordo de Parceria Económica contém também várias cláusulas a favor do desenvolvimento. Moçambique excluiu do Acordo vários produtos considerados sensíveis, para proteger as indústrias nascentes ou por outros motivos, como forma de garantir a segurança alimentar.

O Acordo de Parceria Económica prevê que Moçambique poderá adoptar medidas de salvaguarda, ou seja, restrições temporárias sobre o comércio, caso surja a necessidade de proteger as indústrias locais, indústrias nascentes e para a segurança alimentar, caso seja necessário.

(Eugénio da Câmara)

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